If you are a beginner of routing the wood, splinters are the common issue you often suffer from as using a router or router table. In this post, you can know how to avoid splinters and tear out as routing the wood.
Table of Contents
Always route from the laminate surface to the substrate. That helps the backing to support the veneer or thin top cover, which will chip off when you go from the back to the front side. The glue will keep the laminate surface down in the normal use, however, that alone will not prevent it from breaking into parts if the bit moves it away. Consider the joint between the laminated covers as if they look like the wood grains and apply the backup into the proper place.
Man-made compounds generally have the thickness and no wood grain for splinters, which make them desired for routing.
Don’t press too strongly on the template. Make several constant strokes to work gradually. Working the hardwood is more trouble than working the softwood. If you are ready for using a large bit, flat surfaces of wood must be rough down by other devices first. In the end, hold the wood lightly.
The strong pressure can slow the speed for a very short time, especially for weak motors. When it’s slow, grooves or holes might happen. If you find it struggling, it’s a good signal that the bit overcome the hill. You should apply the same force for a long time since it’s less able to trim without grooves or holes.
The slow rates make cuts neater. On a single work, you must make steady strokes until the tearout stops happening. The thick oak lumber should be cut in the fast speed while the soft materials are suitable for the slower speed. The slow feed can make solid and heavy surfaces rough, but it’s good for the thin plastic layers.
The variety of flutes depends on various kinds of the router bits. One flute feeds quickly, but it may cut rougher and more trouble than two flutes in line. It’s simple to cut one straight flute, but cutting more flutes may make them move into a sloping position.
If the pilot bits are not efficient, you can consider several types of the spiral bits. The slow spiral makes a curved edge having a three-dimensional shape. The spirals include many options, the upcut spiral may promote tearout on the wood while the down cut spiral avoids the wood splintering. Some bits have both features, but they are more expensive
To create a flat panel, it’s important to move it gently or quickly from side to side. Intricate shapes like rail and stile may be nicer by clamping the extra standard fence or the custom-made model matching closely the shape. It can be placed nearer to the router bit or further as needed.
Router bits should not shake noisily since the vibration makes tear out worse. Working the motor quicker can magnify this problem. If you aren’t successful, just blow out wood rubbish and try mounting it again.
To prevent splinters on the wood as routing, you must pay attention to the router bit selection, feed direction, the fence, and the speed of feeding. After a short time of practicing, you certainly make neat cuts for the nice wood pieces.