Woodworking is never a simple task.
So, we are not surprised to find putting on coats of finish is challenging. It’s the final step, and I know that when something wrong happens, you may feel terrible like it’s all devastated.
Fortunately, in the post, you can get what to do when polyurethane won’t dry and how to tackle the situation.
Table of Contents
- Have You Waited Long Enough for the Coat of Polyurethane to Dry?
- How Long Do You Wait Before Applying Polyurethane?
- What to Do When Polyurethane Won’t Dry? The Ultimate Solution
- How to Remove Sticky Polyurethane?
- The Bottom Line
Have You Waited Long Enough for the Coat of Polyurethane to Dry?
Sometimes, there isn’t anything wrong but your impatience.
The finish coat dries in two phases.
First, the thinner evaporates and you won’t feel tackiness when you touch the surface.
Next, oxygen exposure triggers the curing process on the varnish. It’s the second phase that makes the woodwork’s finish completely dry and hard.
In case of wooden floor, it reaches the top durability after up to 4 weeks, depending on weather condition (e.g., heat, humidity, etc.) and the thickness of the polyurethane coats.
Until you don’t smell the odor emitting from the surface, it’s still curing.
I have experience using Minwax polyurethane on the wooden floor twice, using both oil-based and water-based ones. (And I did freak out because "Why the hell the Minwax polyurethane won't dry?").
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If you see polyurethane not drying on hardwood floors, it’s likely you didn’t let the stain dry properly prior to adding the varnish.
Below is the estimated time for the top coat to dry.
1. In the Case of Oil-based Polyurethane, Which Often Takes More Time to Dry Than the Other
After 24 hours: you can walk on the floors without shoes. Don’t walk with bare feet, either. Instead, put on some socks if you have to step across the area.
After 48 hours: walking with shoes is allowed.
After two weeks: you can let your pets (cats and dogs) running around. If you cannot keep your animal companions away, cover their paws with doggie socks.
After one month: it’s time to move the rugs onto the surface.
Read more —
2. In the Case of Water-based Polyurethane to Cure, Which Tends to Dry Faster
After 6 hours: you can walk with socks on the floor
After 24 hours, you can walk with shoes on the surface. Keep your pets away. Otherwise, their claws may ruin the perfect coat
After 48 hours, get somebody to help you move the furniture back (don’t drag them along the way).
After one week, dogs are allowed to walk on the surface. You can spread the rugs on the surface after one month.
How Long Do You Wait Before Applying Polyurethane?
After staining, you have to wait for an extended enough period before applying the finishing coats. Otherwise, the surface won’t be able to dry and may look like a lizard’s skin.
So how long does it take for a wood stain to dry?
The waiting time can vary depending on the brands and the weather conditions.
1. As for Waterborne Stain
The ideal temperature for the stain to dry is from 75 to degrees Fahrenheit. However, as long as it’s somewhere between 50 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit, it will work just fine. The cooler temperature may slow down the drying speed.
Besides, higher humidity in the air will make the period lasts longer. You can direct the fan’s wind on to the surface or open windows to boost the ventilation and speed up the drying.
Most stain brands require users to wait 12 to 24 hours before adding the polyurethane finish.
However, to ensure the best results, you should let the interval last from 24 to 48 hours, especially when the environmental factors are not ideal.
In short, you have to wait more than 24 hours before applying the first coat of polyurethane. Each finish coat should stay still for at least 6 hours before putting on a new one.
2. About Penetrating Oil Stain
How long does it take for penetrating stain to dry?
The waiting period shouldn’t last too long, or else you have put a too thick coat on the surface.
If the stain is still sticky after 12 hours, you may have to remove it. Letting the lacquer there won’t make it dry naturally.
To get rid of the excess stain, apply another coat and let it soak for some minute, then wipe the surface. The move will leave only the penetrated stain.
Now you can let it dry and apply the polyurethane. If all the stain is removed after wiping, you should consider re-sanding the surface.
What to Do When Polyurethane Won’t Dry? The Ultimate Solution
Now you have done all the things above right, why won’t varnish dry?
If the polyurethane still feels sticky after 48 hours, then it’s likely that the wood contains natural oil that hinders the drying.
Most of the time when the situation happens, it occurs on the first coat. The second one shouldn’t have any drying problem as long as you add it on when the first has dried completely.
Apart from mahogany, exotic woods (the term that often refers to the woods from the jungle), usually has a very oily resin. You can feel the oiliness by touch the deck.
Polyurethane, however, contains a mineral-spirits solvent that can dissolve the resin.
So, when you apply the lacquer on the wooden board, the substances mix and prevent the finish coat from drying.
The ultimate solution to the kind of wood is using naphtha, acetone, or lacquer thinner to wipe off the oil on the surface before applying polyurethane.
Or, you may use shellac to seal the resin inside the wood. The substance also assures that the surface won’t bleed oil later.
If you have made a mistake: putting the finish on without getting rid of or dealing with the oil, you can try using heat from a lamp or a fryer to speed up the drying process. The effect is modest, though, but it’s worth a try.
Otherwise, you must eradicate the finish coat and apply a new one.
How to Remove Sticky Polyurethane?
The Bottom Line
After reading the post, I hope you have figured out why your coat of lacquer won’t dry and how to fix sticky polyurethane.
Just like the way we do with other tasks in woodworking, dealing with the problem need patience and a lot of care.
If you still have any question, please leave it below. We are more than ready to help.
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13 thoughts on “What to Do When Polyurethane Won’t Dry – The Best Solution”
I stripped my table top, wiped with ms after sanding, used stain Minwax, whipped off excess, then whipped well with mineral spirits. 4-5 hrs later I applied first coat of Minwax fast dry poly. Now 36 hrs later the poly is blotchy and tacky. Help what can I do?
Pretty sure you didn’t want to whipe it with mineral spirits before you applied poly. Lol
Ok do I put another coat of poly urethane on after this process and how long do I want to put the polyurethane back on
I am going to try another coat after re-sanding, then into the trash with my lovely table. Is minwax stuff crap?? Is that my problem?
Honestly, Cherie, I’m beginning to suspect Minwax is crap. I’ve never had problems like this with any other stains or polys. Really regretting not driving the extra distance for General Finishes poly, which has never failed me.
Hi! I have bare pine wood for an art project and wanted to seal the wood then prime for acrylic paints. This polyurethane spray was suggested to me at a hobby store to seal my raw wood- it’s sticky. I’m afraid I’ve ruined this triptych I so wanted to paint. Please help!
I stripped the old two part epoxy off
Of my natural hard
Wood floor and reapplied a coat of
Minwax Fast drying
Clear high gloss poly but it is still tacky after 4 days! Why and how do I
fix this problem?, it’s the last two 12′ boards that will not
It’s been over a week and mine is still tacky. Used Varathane Spar. All that prep work to now have to strip off. Will go to shellac.
Followed directions on Minwax, still not dry after two days in very dry, warm conditions with fan running. I wiped off excess immediately after applying. Looks nice but is still too tacky and touching leaves fingerprints. After finding many, many similar complaints on internet about Minwax not drying, I won’t use it again. Some people who represent themselves as pro woodworkers say you need at least two weeks for Minwax to dry, often times more.
Any recommendations for a quality product that actually dries in a timely manner?
Same exact problem with Varathane 92 Liquid Plastic exterior polyurethane. Still tacky after five days of warm weather. Surface was sealed, well cured, not the least moist or oily. Fan blowing on it for four days now…
I have half of a inch deep to the left of my closet floor of polyurethane that wont dry. Unlevel floor, what can i do. HELP
Mine is not tacky but still soft underneath. The top is dry. You can walk on it with socks and it leaves sock prints in the floor but they go away after a while.
Yeah it means the lower layers is not still dry and it is soft… The best solution for that is heating with torch… Be careful don’t burn it😊