Burning firewood isn’t merely as simple as throwing some freshly cut wood into your fireplace – there is more to it than that. So, here are some tips on burning firewood properly.
Firewood is best used when the air control is fully open because the flames will be intense. This will also decrease pollution because particles of gas will combust and produce heat instead. When your home is warm, you will be able to regulate the temperature with the amount of wood and not the air.
You will want to have a small amount of smoke coming from your chimney. However, smoke is not exhaust and it contains a lot of high-energy gases that have not be burned. This is why you should look at the amount of smoke that is coming from your chimney when you have a fire going.
If you have black and dense smoke, this is a sign that the combustion is not optimal and the fire in the wood stove is not strong enough. When you have optimal burn, there will also be a bit of smoke which will be light in color. The smoke will also be odor-free when it comes through the chimney.
Once a year, you will need to remove soot from the flue pipe and the stove itself. This will ensure that the wood stove will become warmer when used. A layer of soot of even a few millimeters will be enough to reduce the effects of the stove as the heat will not conduct as well. If you burn a lot of pine wood, you need to look at cleaning your stove more often. This is due to the fact that this wood leaves more soot than others.
Hardwoods will produce more heat than the same amount of softwood, but per kilogram, different wood types will generally provide the same heat. This is important because softwoods will be cheaper. According to Certainly Wood firewood, softwoods are considered the perfect firewood for the start and end of winter when it is not as cold. They will also provide a cleaner burn which will not leave your home feeling like a sauna. Softwood also burns faster, but this can be extended by burning it with a hardwood log.
There are few wood stoves that are able to burn for longer than 2 to 3 hours on a single load. The traditional method of closing the air supply to allow the coals to smolder overnight will cause air pollution and increases the risks of chimney fires. The heat benefit of this is also poor because the gases will not combust.
To achieve longer burning, the last load should have some larger hardwood logs which will burn normally with the air vents open. When the fire dies out, the house’s insulation will be able to keep the heat in. The chimney and stove will generally be warm in the morning and you will not have a problem getting a fire going.
Turbulence is very important when you start a fire because the temperatures will be low and the oxygen will not mix with the molecules in the wood. Swirling air will help bombard the combustion gases with oxygen and this will make them easier to light. This is the reason why a fire will catch easier when you have the door of the stove open.
If you have a house that is completely sealed with insulation, you should leave a window open when you light the stove. Using a blowpipe will also help you get the fire going. However, if you can get billows, this will be better.
A lot of modern wood stoves are designed to burn from the top to the bottom. It is recommended that you look at the user manual for your stove before using it. To light from the top, you will need to stack the logs tightly and light a small fire on top of the wood. The stove will generally reach operating temperatures much faster this way and the gases will burn better. The wood load will also last longer.
It is important that you always place 2 to 3 logs on the fire at any time. A single log will often die out. This is due to the fact that burning a log goes through 3 stages and the single log is not able to keep this process going. More logs in the stove will create a bigger surface, more turbulence and ensure the burning process keeps going.